Photo Credit : kartzshutterbug
Madras Light house is a lighthouse facing the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of the Indian Subcontinent. It is a famous landmark on the Marina Beach in Chennai, India. It was built by the East Coast Constructions and Industries in 1976 replacing the old light house in the northern direction.
The present light house is the fourth lighthouse of Chennai. Before the end of the 18th century, when Madras was an open sea shore, where goods were loaded and unloaded from boats, bonfire lit by fisher women was used to guide the menfolk to the shore.
The arrangement of exhibiting light to assist British East India Company’s vessels arriving at Madras and to enter the port during the 17th and 18th centuries is not known since no record is available.
Coconut oil was considered the best fuel for a light house lamp because it made the light burn bright in the light house. Gas lights were used later followed by dis-chargeable lamps. In the beginning, light house lamp had a steady flame.
When ships began to confuse this with city lights, it was decided to use a flickering light in light houses. The lighthouses at Chennai and Mamallapuram use dis-chargeable lamps, which rotate inside a bowl of mercury. In recent days, LED lights are preferred.
Chennai Light house is one of the 13 lighthouses in India that are identified as heritage centres to portray maritime history of India. A light house museum has been planned at a cost of ₹ 50 million.The union shipping ministry is planning to build museums, rooms, cafeteria, souvenir shop, viewers gallery, 4D cinema hall, gaming zone and aquarium at the Chennai lighthouse. The heritage museum will showcase the history of marine navigation, where oil-bearing large wicks, kerosene lights, petroleum vapour, and electrical lamps used in the past will be on display.
The Chennai Light house, along with 23 other light houses along the eastern, southern and western coast of the Indian peninsula, comes under the administration of the Chennai Lighthouse District.
- Kovil Thottam
- Tangasseri Point (Quilon).
- Muttam Point
- Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin)
- Manappad Point
- Pandiyan Tivu DGPS
- Point Calimere
- Ammpattinam DGPS
- Nagapattinam DGPS
- Porto Novo
- Cuddalore Channel Buoyage
- Pondicherry Lighthouse and DGPS
- Madras (Chennai)
- Pulicat DGPS