New Delhi, the capital of India and one of Delhi city’s 11 districts, foundation stone laid by George V, Emperor of India during the Delhi Durbar of 1911. City was designed by British architects, Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker and the new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931, by Viceroy and Governor-General of India Lord Irwin. It is the largest commercial city in northern India and Connaught Place, one of North India’s largest commercial and financial centers, is located in the northern part of New Delhi.
The National Museum
On 15 August 1949, the National Museum was formally inaugurated and currently has 200,000 works of art, both of Indian and foreign origin, covering over 5,000 years.
It was built in 1931 as inspired by the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. It is the national monument of India commemorating the 90,000 soldiers of the Indian Army who lost their lives while fighting for the British Raj in World War I and the Third Anglo-Afghan War.
It was built similar to the Champs-Élysées in Paris is the ceremonial boulevard for the Republic of India located in New Delhi. On January 26th, the annual Republic Day parade takes place here.
It is the location where Mahatma Gandhi spent the last 144 days of his life and was assassinated on 30 January 1948.
It is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated on 31 January 1948 after his assassination and his ashes were buried and make it a final resting place beside the sanctity of the Yamuna River. The Raj Ghat in the shape of large square platform with black marble was designed by architect Vanu Bhuta.
It is located in Connaught Place and was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. It consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments. The primary purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables, and to predict the times and movements of the sun, moon and planets.
The Lotus Temple
It is located in New Delhi known as Bahá’í House of Worship. It’s construction was completed in 1986 and it is famous for its flowerlike shape and it serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent and has become a prominent attraction in the city.
Like all Bahá’í Houses of Worship, the Lotus Temple is open to all, regardless of religion. It is composed of 27 free-standing marble-clad “petals” arranged in clusters of three to form nine sides, with nine doors opening onto a central hall with height of slightly over 40 metres and a capacity of 2,500 people.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
It is one of the most prominent Sikh gurdwara, or Sikh house of worship, in Delhi and known for its association with the eighth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Krishan, as well as the pool inside its complex, known as the “Sarovar.”
During the reign of Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II, it was first built as a small shrine by Sikh General Sardar Bhagel Singh in 1783, who supervised the construction of nine Sikh shrines in Delhi in the same year. It is situated near Connaught Place, New Delhi on Baba Kharak Singh Marg and it can easily recognised by its golden dome and tall flagpole, Nishan Sahib.
It is also known as Swaminarayan Akshardham, the complex that displays millennia of traditional Hindu and Indian culture, spirituality, and architecture. The temple attracts approximately 70 percent of all tourists who visit Delhi, and it was officially opened on 6 November 2005 by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. It is situated near the banks of the Yamuna adjacent to the 2010 Commonwealth Games village in eastern New Delhi. The temple, at the centre of the complex, was built according to the Vastu shastra and Pancharatra shastra.
The complex features an Abhisheka Mandap, Sahaj Anand water show, a thematic garden and three exhibitions namely Sahajanand Darshan (Hall of Values), Neelkanth Darshan (an IMAX film on the early life of Swaminarayan as the teenage yogi, Neelkanth), and Sanskruti Darshan (cultural boat ride).
It is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun’s son Akbar in 1569-70. It was designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect chosen by Bega Begum.
It was the first garden-tomb and first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale on the Indian subcontinent. It is located in Nizamuddin East close to the Dina-panah Citadel,famed as Purana Qila (Old Fort), that has been founded by Humayun himself in 1533. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993
It is the tallest brick minaret in the world and second highest minar in India after Fateh Burj at Punjab. Qutb complex, which comprises Qutb Minar and the ancient and medieval monuments surrounding it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The tower is located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi is 240 feet tall tapering tower with a diameter measuring 47 feet at the base and 9 feet at the peak. Inside the tower, a circular staircase with 379 steps leads to the top. Qutb Minar station is the closest station on the Delhi Metro.
New Delhi is also home to Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum, National Gallery of Modern Art, National Museum of Natural History, National Rail Museum, National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum, National Philatelic Museum, Nehru Planetarium, Shankar’s International Dolls Museum and Supreme Court of India Museum. A new National War Memorial and Museum is under construction.
New Delhi is particularly renowned for its beautifully landscaped gardens that can look quite stunning in spring. The largest of these include Buddha Jayanti Park and the historic Lodi Gardens. In addition, there are the gardens in the Presidential Estate, the gardens along the Rajpath and India Gate, the gardens along Shanti Path, the Rose Garden, Nehru Park and the Railway Garden in Chanakya Puri.
Old Delhi, attractions include Mughal-era Red Fort, a symbol of India, and the sprawling Jama Masjid mosque, whose courtyard accommodates 25,000 people. Nearby is Chandni Chowk, a vibrant bazaar filled with food carts, sweets shops and spice stalls.