Photo Credit : Ryan
It’s a Rubble masonry gravity type dam on the Neyyar River of Neyattinkara in Thiruvanthapuram, the capital of Kerala. It lies against the southern low hills of the Western Ghats. Neyyar Dam envisages a view of a scenic lake and the Agasthya Koodam Peak is very near to this dam.
Neyyar Dam is popular picnic spot that was established in 1958, with a height of 184ft and length of 968 ft. Its structural volume is 3,708,040 cu ft and it creates a reservoir of 86,098 acre ft of which 81,882 acre ft is active. The reservoir’s surface area is 91 km2 and the dam’s spillway has a 28,584 cu ft, the maximum discharge capacity.
The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary is in the state of Kerala is spread over the South – East corner of the Western Ghats, it’s total area is of 128 km2 (49 sq mi) . Although it was declared as a sanctuary in 1958, not much was done about wildlife conservation, until 1985, when a separate wildlife wing was set up and as a result, conservation efforts have gathered momentum.This is the drainage basin for the Neyyar River and its tributaries – Mullayar and Kallar. The tourist season here is between the months of November and March. The towering peak of Agasthyamalai at an elevation of 1868 meters is a very prominent landmark. The mean summer temperature is around 35 degrees Celsius and the winter being around 16 degree Celsius. The average rainfall from the Southwest monsoon between May and July and the Northeast monsoon between October and November, is about 2800 mm.
Wildlife here consists of gaur, sloth bear, Nilgiri Tahr, Jungle Cat, Nilgiri Langur, Wild Elephants and Sambar Deer. The other attractions here includes boating, crocodile farm, lion safari park, deer park, lake garden, swimming pool, watch tower and elephant riding.