Bannerghatta National Park
Indeed from Bangalore it’s a thrilling drive to Bannerghatta National Park that was founded in 1970 and declared as a national park in 1974. A portion of the park became a biological reserve in 2002, and hence known as Bannerghatta Biological Park. It is a popular tourist destination with a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescue centre, a butterfly enclosure, an aquarium, a snake house and a safari park.
There are ancient temples in the park for worship and it is a destination for trekking and hiking. Within the national park area are six rural villages enclosed within three large enclosures for sheep and cattle farming.
National park is located in the hills of the Anekal range. The park has a hilly terrain of granite sheets under moist deciduous forest valleys and scrubland on higher areas. The park is part of a wildlife corridor for elephants which connects the BR Hills and the Sathyamangalam forest.
One hundred and one species of birds have been recorded in the park. The biological park is a zoological reserve named for Y. M. L Sharma, a Conservator of Forests of Karnataka, who petitioned for the creation of the park. It shelters mammals such as Indian tigers (including white tigers) and lions.
The park offers safari excursions managed and supported by the Karnataka State Tourist Development Corporation (KSTDC). The safari includes separate sections for herbivores e.g. spotted dear and carnivores as bears, lions, white tigers and Bengal tigers.
It is the first biological park in India to have a fenced forested elephant sanctuary where elephants can roam around freely without chains. It is designed by elephant expert Carol Buckley.
The biological park zoo has a small museum for showcasing special exhibits, a reptile park and a small theatre.
In 2006, Kapil Sibal, the Union Minister of Science and Technology opened India’s first butterfly enclosure at the park. It houses a butterfly conservatory, a museum, and an audiovisual room. It is a humid tropical climate, with an artificial waterfall and appropriate flora to attract butterflies. The conservatory leads to a second and third dome, which house a museum containing dioramas and exhibits of carefully preserved butterflies.